A security operations center is a consolidated unit that deals with related security discrepancies on an organizational and technical level. A SOC within a building or facility is a central location from where the staff supervises the site, using data processing technology.

An information security operations center (ISOC) is a dedicated site where enterprise information systems and data banks (web sites, applications, databases, data centers and servers, networks, desktops, and other endpoints) are observed, assessed, and protected through cybersecurity software and hardware.